Comprehensive internal diagnostics
The foundation for successful treatment is a careful diagnosis of the illness causing the symptoms. A targeted therapy adapted to the individual case is only possible in this way.
At the KfN, we have access to all examination methods that are required for general internal illnesses.
We conduct the following examinations:
- Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (endoscopy of oesophagus, stomach and duodenum)
- Colonoscopy (endoscopy of the colon)
- Sonography of the abdomen (ultrasound of abdominal organs)
- Sonography of the thyroid gland
- Doppler and duplex sonography (ultrasound of blood vessels)
- Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart)
- Contrast-enhance ultrasound
- Rest, stress and long-term ECG
- Long-term blood pressure measurement
- Spirometry (test of lung function)
- Laboratory diagnostics
During the examination of the gastrointestinal tract with an endoscope, the examiner obtains a view of the insides of these hollow organs. A small camera transmits the image to a monitor. It is possible during an endoscopy to take tissue samples for a comprehensive examination and also to remove polyps.
During an ultrasound examination, the structure of the internal organs is examined with an ultrasound probe. Depending on the density of the structures, the ultrasound waves are reflected more or less strongly. This reflection can be enhanced with contrast agents. Soft tissue can be represented excellently with this method.
Doppler and duplex ultrasound is used for the examination of blood vessels and the heart in order to determine the direction and speed of the blood flow, for example to discover and evaluate (valvular) heat diseases, vascular constriction or obstruction.
During testing of lung function, the patient breathes through the mouth piece of a spirometer, which measures the capacity of the lung. This examination is done at rest as well as during accelerated breathing. By measuring the lung volumes, it is possible to diagnose lung diseases (e.g. asthma, COPD and lung fibrosis) and to control the course of the disease.
If further special examinations are necessary, such as computer tomography, nuclear medicine and cardiac catheterisation, they are conducted in close collaboration with the neighbouring hospital Städtisches Klinikum München Harlaching.